Mehedinti, Orsova Mehedinti, Orsova Hoteluri
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Palos** pension is situated on the banks of the Danube, in the Portile de Fier (Iron Gates) Natural Park area. It offers accommodation in traditional Romanian style, in the heart of the nature, in... More details
Description of the destination Orsova
The city of Orsova is located in Mehedinti County. It is situated on the shore of the Iron Gates I accumulation lake build on the Danube, on the flowing area of Cerna river into the Danube.
This area has been inhabited since ancient times, since the Upper Paleolithic there were found traces of human habitation in the Hotilor cave. In Roman times, in this area it was built the Roman road from Clisura Dunarii (twith Tabula Traiana) and the Roman canal from Sip.101 AD. - Roman conquest; it was founded Dierna locality, among the first Dacian – Roman centers in the new province of the Roman Empire.
IV - VI centuries after Christ - Dierna-Zernes is restored by the Romans, then by the Byzantines.
X century - Urscia Fortress is a political and military center of Prince Glad.
In 1366, King Louis the Great proclaimed Orsova as a "Kingly Castle".
In 1524, the Turks conquered the city of Orsova.
By the peace of Sistov, Orsova becomes a part of Austria. Between 1772 - 1870, Orsova is part of the Regiment guards.
In 1829, end the works to the Caransebes-Orsova road.
In 1830, Orsova becomes an important navigation point on the Danube River, and headquarter of some shipping agencies.
In 1849, in Orsova it is buried the Hungarian crown by the revolutionaries passing in the Ottoman Empire; it was found in 1853 and in that place was built the Crown Chapel.
In 1873, Orsova is included in the Severin county, Banat province; the city had court and notary for the needs of area residents.
In 1890 - 1896 took place the works to regulate the Danube fairway. It was establishes a ship repair yard, it was being built the "Crown" wares harbourt linked by the railway to the station and by a pipeline to the oil refinery in the station. Part of the city harbour area receives the free harbour status.
In 1923 - Orsova receives the town status.
In 1968, by the administrative territorial division from February, Orsova is included for the first time in Mehedinti County area, losing a number of vital institutions: Judge, Notary, shipping agencies. In 1966 - 1974 takes place the relocation of the town due to the construction of the hydrotechnical and navigation system "Portile de Fier" (Iron Gates); the new territorial area of the town includes 3 villages. 1990 is the year when the town receives the status of municipality.
At 2002 census, the city population was 12.967 inhabitants.
Today Orsova is not on its old area. Due to the construction of the accumulation lake Portile de Fier (Iron Gates), the old hearth of the city was flooded in 1970, and the population was displaced to a new site, including the terraces of the Danube and Cerna, and the southern slope of Almaj Mountains, where there was built a completely new city (1966-1971), which has also embedded the villages of Jupalnic, Tufari and Coramnic.
Points of tourist interest:
- Archaeological Complex (in Drobeta-Turnu Severin);
- Grecescu Church (in Drobeta-Turnu Severin);
- Catholic Church, Orsova;
- Saint Ann Monastery, Orsova;
- Crypt monument to the heroes of 1916-1918 (in Drobeta-Turnu Severin);
- Iron Gates Region Museum.
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*for reservations made directly at the reception of units of accommodation presented on this site we strongly recommend to check the prices, as there may be significant differences, for witch we assume no responsibility
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